Peace and Conflict resolution.
- Peace building and Conflict resolution.
Guaranteed security is not only a pre-requisite for peaceful co-existence of local communities but also a major determining factor that can either pull or push local and external investment opportunities. Protracted community conflicts are a now emerging as serious risk with the potential of causing economic stagnation as well as social disruption. To amicably, address these challenges, PAF undertake peace building and conflict resolution component that is aimed at building co-existence and long lasting solution for conflicts
PAF brings local stakeholders such as the community and religious leaders, local administration, development partners and the youths in order to design and provide lasting solutions to the menace. People’s Aid Foundation’s implements an approach that concentrates on youth empowerment, social and economic inclusion, media, improved local governance, and reconciliation. Activities implemented by PAF are tailored to meet the specific needs of the youths as well as strengthening further the role played by women in promoting peace and security.
PAF therefore believes that young people if given the necessary material support and the skills have the energy, creativity and will to do things differently in their lifetime. They are an asset to the development of their countries and communities and can become influential leaders and ambassadors of positive change.
Countering Extremism and Radicalization
Radicalization or violent youth extremism is a new phenomenon that has hit world headlines in the recent past. Security and development specialists have attributed this rising incidents of youth radicalization to numerous societal shortcomings including policy gaps in regards to fostering youths’ interests and needs. The high rate of unemployment and youth economic desperateness which has been identified as number one cause for radicalization is a product of long term policy neglect especially in the developing countries. Recent major incidents like the Arab Spring of 2010 where the youth were at the Centre of the uprising is a testimony to this policy disorientation when it comes to making the youths relevant in the socio-economic and political systems of the society.
Addressing this situation has seen different governments adopting different approaches albeit fragmented. In Kenya for example, the national government has put in measures such as launching youth specific and youth centered programs including the Uwezo Fund, National Youth Service, Women Enterprise Fund, Youth Enterprise Development Fund, Kazi Kwa Vijana and Table Banking which are basically meant to increase youth access to micro-finance and the much needed capital to start up small businesses. Among other policy measures taken include the adoption of the 30% slot in any government tender opportunity where youths, women and the disabled are allowed to either supply or provide services.
However, given the higher number of youths who graduate from all the public universities and the equally increasing number of those dropping out of school, the current government measures are not adequate enough to address the situation. This has made other non-state actors to intervene and initiate some youth’s targeted programs in order to supplement the ongoing government initiatives. People’s Aid Foundation is therefore one of those non-state interventions that is aimed at providing some long term interventions that will be community centered and community owned. PAF will innovatively design its interventions in such a manner that the long term sustainability of its impacts will not be compromised in the future.
In summary therefore, People’s Aid Foundation will implement major interventions that are in line with major existing national government policies, programs and even the global development agenda such as the Sustainable Development Goals with focus on Goal number 4 which is Universal access to quality education for all, Goal number 10 on reduced inequality, Goal Number 8 on decent work and economic growth and Goal number 16 on peace, justice and stronger institutions. Preventing poor social outcomes such as unemployment, social isolation, or anti-social behavior (not just violent extremism).
The causes of violent conflict are multifarious. The traditional view is that conflict is caused by grievance resulting from social, economic and political inequality between groups. Historical patterns of violence make it more likely that these grievances lead to violent conflict. Recent work has emphasized the need to understand economic, political and cultural motivations for conflict. Conflict is not a chaotic process involving only costs. Individual benefits also accrue and economic agendas (or ‘greed’) can be as strong a motivating factor as ‘grievance’ in initiating and sustaining conflict. This is particularly so in areas with valuable reserves of natural resources. Causes of conflict which are more macro-economic in nature have also been identified: there is a correlation between economic shocks or decline and increased conflict; whilst political conflicts systematically related to ethnic conflict. These ‘primary’ causes can generate heightened group identity around ethnicity or religion – often at the instigation of political elites – and the resulting tensions can become causes of conflict in their own right. People’s Aid Foundation will therefore play a significant role in strengthening the governance institutions in order to create a room for inclusivity and good governance practice.
- Gender Equality
Whether in time of conflict or peace, gender identities and the dynamic of gender relations carry a strong influence on a wide a
rray of social, economic, and political outcomes. Despite cultural variations, the consistent difference between women’s and men’s gender roles based in power influences women’s access to and control over resources, their visibility and participation in social and
political affairs, and their ability to realize their fundamental human rights. Such relationships have been explored in depth in a broad range of analytical literature on subjects as diverse as the operational analysis of political institutions,
People’s Aid Foundation new paradigm of peace building involves a comprehensive process of social reconstruction a
nd a transformation of social relationships, values, identities, ideologies and social institutions. It calls for the participation of women in peace building, peace keeping, peacemaking and decision making. By peace building, we mean organized efforts and initiatives to promote human security. These efforts are very significant, if we are to avoid a shallow approach to peace that focuses narro
wly on the actions of elites. Exclusion of women from peace keeping, peacemaking and decision making in the aftermath of conflict means that peace is not achieved or fails to address key issues, such as, violence against women and the needs to mention of women rights.