Strengthening Institutions and Governance.
The centrality of sound institutions and good governance in improving democracy, peace & security and reducing the level of injustice, hunger, has become widely recognized in recent years. Institutions are the systems of rules that constitute the environment within which policy-making, cooperation, and innovation occur. Governance was defined by the United Nations Development Program in 1997 as “the exercise of economic, political, and administrative authority to manage a country’s affairs at all levels.” Strong institutions allow for more effective management of common- pool resources and environmental services, while good governance facilitates technical dynamism, gender equity, risk mitigation, and inclusion of the poor in shared growth.
Although trials and attempts on how to bring a long lasting solutions, peace and development, there is limited knowledge about how to create incentives for individual actors, civil society, and public administrations to actively pursue such policies. This knowledge gap is being addressed by the Strengthening Institutions and Governance (SIG)